The goal address the need to reduce inequality in and between countries. Income inequality must be reduced and discrimination must be eliminated through policies and legislation. Migration must take place responsibly and safely, and the most vulnerable groups must be more closely involved in social, economic and political decisions.
Equality is important to ensure the cohesion of a society. It applies in Greenland, as well as in the rest of the world, to create the best opportunities for social mobility for both the individual, families and population groups. It is important to have a well-designed interplay in social benefits and the tax system that can help support an overall policy aimed at promoting equality and balance in society.
It created attention when the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) published the report "In it together" in 2015. In the report, the two economic heavyweight institutions concluded that less inequality will benefit everyone, ie. for both rich and poor, and that we do not have to choose between economic growth or fighting inequality. The two things can go hand in hand. In fact, the report concludes that inequality directly hampers economic growth because people in poverty are unable to reach their potential and thus cannot assist the economy. Thus, the ever-increasing inequality in the world is not 'just' a philosophical question of what is fair and desirable, it also becomes a question of what is economically advantageous.
Too much of the world’s wealth is held by a very small group of people. This often leads to financial and social discrimination. In order for nations to flourish, equality and prosperity must be available to everyone - regardless of gender, race, religious beliefs or economic status. When every individual is self sufficient, the entire world prospers.