End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.

Goal number two is about eradicating hunger and all forms of malnutrition among all people. Food production must be strengthened, and the agricultural sector in particular must be more inclusive and profitable - also for small-scale producers, indigenous people and for the fisheries. A more sustainable food production must be ensured, adapted to climate change and the conservation of biodiversity.

Within the last 100 years, the Greenlandic diet has increasingly consisted of less locally caught food and a larger proportion of imported food.

In Greenland, the sea is still the primary source of supply of locally caught food to the country's citizens. That is why it is important to safeguard maritime biodiversity. It is especially the species regulated by quatas, such as belugas, narwhals, walruses, polar bears, and the capture of large whales is very important for families' winter supplies. Particularly in the outer districts, the quoted prey animals are important contributors to food security.

In South Greenland, there are both agriculture, sheep farming and attempts to investigate which crops are best suited to the current climate and environment.

Globally hunger is the leading cause of death in the world. Our planet has provided us with tremendous resources, but unequal access and inefficient handling leaves millions of people malnourished. If we promote sustainable agriculture with modern technologies and fair distribution systems, we can sustain the whole world’s population and make sure that nobody will ever suffer from hunger again.


Here are a few indicators for this goal that it is possible to measure today. In the near future, Statistics Greenland will publish an SDG 2030 subpage for stat.gl with various available statistics relevant to the work on the SDG 2030 agenda.

Agricultural area (hectares) by district (It is not yet possible to determine wether it is sustainable agriculture)
Source: Grønlands Statistik

  1. Nanortalik
  2. Qaqortoq
  3. Narsaq
  4. Paamiut
  5. Nuuk

Global indicator (2.4.1) Proportion of agricultural area under productive and sustainable agriculture

Index for expenditures of general government to agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting
Source: Grønlands Statistik

  1. Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

Global indicator (2.a.1) The agriculture orientation index for government expenditures


Every day, people are taking action to make sure this Global Goals is met. See what’s been going on below.

The targets

Everyone can help to make sure that we meet the Global Goals. Use these eight targets to eradicate world hunger.

Target 2.1 – Universal Access to Safe and Nutritious Food

By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round.

Target 2.2 – End All Forms of Malnutrition

By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons.

Target 2.3 – Double the Productivity and Incomes of Small-Scale Food Producers

By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment.

Target 2.4 – Sustainable Food Production and Resilient Agricultural Practices

By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality.

Target 2.5 – Maintain the Genetic Diversity in Food Production

By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed.

Target 2.a – Invest in Rural Infrastructure, Agricultural Research, Technology and Gene Banks

Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries.

Target 2.b – Prevent Agricultural Trade Restrictions, Market Distortions and Export Subsidies

Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round.

Target 2.c – Ensure Stable Food Commodity Markets and Timely Access to Information

Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility.