Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

The goal address the need for ecosystems on land, in freshwater and mountains to be protected and restored so that biodiversity and natural habitats can exist. In local and national planning, ecosystems and biodiversity must be taken into account so that endangered animal and plant species do not become extinct.

Here in this country we live in and with nature. It is therefore important to take care of the living resources so that we can continue to experience a rich nature and enjoy the life that exist here. Our ecosystems and the organisms that live here must be protected so that future generations can also benefit from nature's many living resources.

The Arctic nature is unique and consists of many different habitat types, ranging from hot springs and lush valleys to vast wetlands, lakes, rivers, barren mountains, glaciers and inland ice. Greenland has twelve protected areas, each with a unique nature and history. The protected areas serve the purpose of protecting unique landscapes and habitats for animals and plants. In addition, there are the Ramsar sites. These are wetlands of particular importance for various species of waterfowl. In total, approx. 41% of Greenland's land area are protected.

In addition to the protected areas, there are a number of habitat types that are generally protected. These include bird colonies, hot springs, salt lakes, landing sites for walruses and den areas for polar bears. The general protections of these habitats ensure protection wherever they occur.

Globally a flourishing life on land is the foundation for our life on this planet. We are all part of the planet’s ecosystem and we have caused severe damage to it through deforestation, loss of natural habitats and land degradation. Promoting a sustainable use of our ecosystems and preserving biodiversity is not a cause. It is the key to our own survival.


Here are a few indicators for this goal that it is possible to measure today. In the near future, Statistics Greenland will publish an SDG 2030 subpage for with various available statistics relevant to the work on the SDG 2030 agenda.

Threatened animals in Greenland (number of species)
Source: Grønlands Naturinstitut

  1. Critically Endangered (CR)
  2. Endangered (EN)
  3. Near Threatened (NT)
  4. Vulnerable (VU)

Global indicator (15.5.1) Red List Index


Every day, people are taking action to make sure this Global Goals is met. See what’s been going on below.

The targets

Everyone can help to make sure that we meet the Global Goals. Use these twelve targets to create action to protect and restore life on land.

Target 15.1 – Conserve and Restore Terrestrial and Freshwater Ecosystems

By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements.

Target 15.2 – End Deforestation and Restore Degraded Forests

By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally.

Target 15.3 – End Desertification and Restore Degraded Land

By 2030, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and floods, and strive to achieve a land degradation-neutral world.

Target 15.4 – Ensure Conservation of Mountain Ecosystems

By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development.

Target 15.5 – Protect Biodiversity and Natural Habitats

Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species.

Target 15.6 – Promote Access to Genetic Resources and Fair Sharing of the Benefits

Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internationally agreed.

Target 15.7 – Eliminate Poaching and Trafficking of Protected Species

Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products.

Target 15.8 – Prevent Invasive Alien Species on Land and in Water Ecosystems

By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species.

Target 15.9 – Integrate Ecosystem and Biodiversity in Governmental Planning

By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts.

Target 15.a – Increase Financial Resources to Conserve and Sustainably Use Ecosystem and Biodiversity

Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems.

Target 15.b – Finance and Incentivize Sustainable Forest Management

Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation.

Target 15.c – Combat Global Poaching and Trafficking

Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities.

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