Goal 14 has, among other things, the ambition that we must significantly reduce pollution of the world's oceans and that we must put an end to overfishing. There must be economic benefits to the sustainable use of marine resources. Pollution in the oceans must be reduced and overfishing must be stopped so that it reaches a biologically responsible level. Ecosystem-based approaches must be applied to conserve marine resources and protect marine and coastal areas.
The Government of Greenland has as a goal that the utilization of the sea's resources must take place on a sustainable basis that can contribute to increased growth and profitability - both for the individual fisherman or hunter and for society as a whole.
Fisheries are Greenland's largest and most important export industry and account for more than 90 per cent of the total export value. It is especially the exports of halibut and shrimp that weigh heavily in the export statistics. 25-26 pct. of the country's total GDP comes from the fishing industry and thus constitutes a very large share of the country's total income. For this reason, fishing is of great national economic and employment importance.
Many people's livelihoods depend on biodiversity in sea and coastal areas, and sustainable use of these resources is crucial if we are to ensure that future generations have the opportunity to share in the resources as well. Therefore, it is important to protect marine and coastal ecosystems from potential threats such as overfishing and trapping of certain species, unreported catches, climate change and pollution with, in particular, plastics, oil and other harmful chemicals.
Healthy oceans and seas are essential to our existence. They cover 70 percent of our planet and we rely on them for food, energy and water. Yet, we have managed to do tremendous damage to these precious resources. We must protect them by eliminating pollution and overfishing and immediately start to responsibly manage and protect all marine life around the world.