Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

Goal 14 has, among other things, the ambition that we must significantly reduce pollution of the world's oceans and that we must put an end to overfishing. There must be economic benefits to the sustainable use of marine resources. Pollution in the oceans must be reduced and overfishing must be stopped so that it reaches a biologically responsible level. Ecosystem-based approaches must be applied to conserve marine resources and protect marine and coastal areas.

The Government of Greenland has as a goal that the utilization of the sea's resources must take place on a sustainable basis that can contribute to increased growth and profitability - both for the individual fisherman or hunter and for society as a whole.

Fisheries are Greenland's largest and most important export industry and account for more than 90 per cent of the total export value. It is especially the exports of halibut and shrimp that weigh heavily in the export statistics. 25-26 pct. of the country's total GDP comes from the fishing industry and thus constitutes a very large share of the country's total income. For this reason, fishing is of great national economic and employment importance.

Many people's livelihoods depend on biodiversity in sea and coastal areas, and sustainable use of these resources is crucial if we are to ensure that future generations have the opportunity to share in the resources as well. Therefore, it is important to protect marine and coastal ecosystems from potential threats such as overfishing and trapping of certain species, unreported catches, climate change and pollution with, in particular, plastics, oil and other harmful chemicals.

Healthy oceans and seas are essential to our existence. They cover 70 percent of our planet and we rely on them for food, energy and water. Yet, we have managed to do tremendous damage to these precious resources. We must protect them by eliminating pollution and overfishing and immediately start to responsibly manage and protect all marine life around the world.


Here are a few indicators for this goal that it is possible to measure today. In the near future, Statistics Greenland will publish an SDG 2030 subpage for with various available statistics relevant to the work on the SDG 2030 agenda.

Greenlandic MSC-certified fisheries
Source: Sustainable Fisheries Greenland & Grønlands Statistik

29 %

Proportion of MSC-certified fisheries in relation to total fisheries

Total landings of fish and shellfish
Source: Grønlands Statistik

  1. ton

Total landings of fish and shellfish, all of Greenland


Every day, people are taking action to make sure this Global Goals is met. See what’s been going on below.

The targets

Everyone can help to make sure that we meet the Global Goals. Use these ten targets to create action to conserve and sustainably use the oceans.

Target 14.1 – Reduce Marine Pollution

By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution.

Target 14.2 – Protect and Restore Ecosystems

By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans.

Target 14.3 – Reduce Ocean Acidification

Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels.

Target 14.4 – Sustainable Fishing

By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics.

Target 14.5 – Conserve Coastal and Marine Areas

By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information.

Target 14.6 – End Subsidies Contributing to Overfishing

By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation.

Target 14.7 – Increase the Economic Benefits from Sustainable Use of Marine Resources

By 2030, increase the economic benefits to small island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism.

Target 14.a – Increase Scientific Knowledge, Research and Technology for Ocean Health

Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries.

Target 14.b – Support Small Scale Fishers

Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets.

Target 14.c – Implement and Enforce International Sea Law

Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of “The future we want”.